Kidney Stones: Treatment
In the previous blog, we talked about the treatment for small stones. In this blog, we shall know about large stones treatment.
- Sound waves. For certain kidney stones— depending on size and location— your doctor may recommend a procedure called extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL).
- Surgery. A procedure called percutaneous nephrolithotomy involves surgically removing a kidney stone using small telescopes and instruments inserted through a small incision in your back.
You will receive general anesthesia. Your doctor may recommend this surgery if ESWL unsuccessful.
- Scope. To remove a stone, your doctor may pass a thin lighted tube (ureteroscope) equipped with a camera through your urethra and bladder to your ureter.
Once the stone is located, special tools can break it into pieces that will pass in your urine. You may need general or local anesthesia during this procedure.
- Parathyroid gland surgery. Some stones are caused by overactive parathyroid glands, just below your Adam's apple. When these glands produce too much parathyroid hormone (hyperparathyroidism), your calcium levels can become too high and kidney stones may form as a result.
Hyperparathyroidism sometimes occurs when a small, benign tumor forms in one of your parathyroid glands or by some other conditions. Removing the growth from the gland stops the formation of kidney stones. Or your doctor may recommend treatment or the condition that's causing hyperthyroidism.
I will be talking about preventive measures in the upcoming blog. Stay connected.