Urinary tract infections. These occur when bacteria enter your body through the urethra and multiply in your bladder. Symptoms can include a persistent urge to urinate, pain and burning with urination.
Kidney infections. These can occur when bacteria enter your kidneys from your bloodstream.
A bladder or kidney stone. The stones are generally painless, so you probably won't know you have them unless they cause a blockage or are being passed.
Enlarged prostate. The prostate gland often enlarges as men approach middle age, partially blocking urine flow. Symptoms include difficulty urinating, persistent need to urinate.
Kidney disease. Microscopic urinary bleeding is a common symptom of glomerulonephritis, an inflammation of the kidneys' filtering system. Glomerulonephritis may be part of a systemic disease, such as diabetes, or it can occur on its own.
Cancer. Visible urinary bleeding may be a sign of advanced kidney, bladder or prostate cancer.
Inherited disorders. Sickle cell anemia — a hereditary defect of hemoglobin in red blood cells — causes blood in urine.
Kidney injury. A blow or other injury to your kidneys from an accident or contact sports can cause visible blood in your urine.
Medications. The anti-cancer drug cyclophosphamide and penicillin can cause urinary bleeding.
Strenuous exercise. It's rare for strenuous exercise to lead to gross hematuria, and the cause is unknown.
I will be talking about diagnosis and treatment options for hematuria in the upcoming blog. Stay connected.